a clear and concise overview of early musical history at the dawn of the electrical age leading straight into popular music as we've known it for a century now and will forever more. good to see the author get it right regarding the inception / invention of the steel guitar, Kekuku popularized it but nobody knows who, where, or how the first spark actually happened. but somewhere, somehow it did, and led to far more than get's properly recognized thx to of course racism all too often, only in the last few decades have old country music fans had to face cold facts that white folk didn't first create the steel sounds that they fell in love with lol over time Hawaiian music has covered an immense amount of ground, inspired by nearly everything they heard and inspiring the world with what they came up with. all the favorites were touched on, Hawaiian Swing being one of the best styles but virtually all the quality mainland and international genres were incorporated into the local interpretations. locals made up all kinds of new music on their own within the stew Honolulu and Waikiki were responsible for in a short time span, what a hot spot this dot in the Pacific was for 50 incredible years! being a Rock nut I recognize a Rock n Roll sensibility creeping out in the strangest places, giving the music an added urgency and depth which most don't pick up on until the light goes off, if ever. War Chant and Ana Lani from these lip-synced '30s era videos express this vividly, they have most all the elements which makes real RnR rock, minus crushing volume, but that just makes the case easier. Ray's all-star band really pushes the beat and his band swings hard with full on jazz and improve in a studio session! add Tommy Castro's hot steel leads mimicking clarinet lines and these songs are about as great as it ever got, note the who's who gracing the tunes, Alfred Apaka, George Kainapau, and Napua Woodd in the dance troupe, merely 3 of the cream of the crop performers who became icons themselves. how Hawaiian musicians left this and more in the dust for far less values in recent decades I'll never understand, but the flame sure burned bright for a long time and fortunately the recordings are the eternal proof. https://www.civilbeat.org/2020/06/th...merican-music/